5 edition of Cell surface glycoproteins found in the catalog.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
|Statement||guest editors, R.L. Juliano, Aser Rothstein ; advisory board, I.S. Edelman ... [et al.] ; contributors, Richard W. Campans ... [et al.].|
|Series||Current topics in membranes and transport -- v. 11|
|Contributions||Juliano, R. L., Rothstein, Aser.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xv, 518 p. :|
|Number of Pages||518|
Ebola virus glycoprotein (GP) is the only protein that is expressed on the surface of the virus. The GP proteins play critical roles in the entry of virus into cell and in the evasion of the immune system. The GP gene transcript to membrane GP is constituted of two subunits GP1 and GP2, and the secretory GP (sGP). The main function of GP1/2 is to attach virus to target cell’s membrane. Get this from a library! Cell surface and extracellular glycoconjugates: structure and function. [David D Roberts; Robert P Mecham;] -- This book serves as a much-needed guide for new investigators in the field of glycobiology as well as researchers in other disciplines attempting to define the role of glycoconjugates in their.
The authors next evaluated the effects of the natural glycoprotein mucin-1 (Muc1), which is 10–fold upregulated in many cancers 1,2,3 and extends nm or more from the cell surface. We collectively refer to these carbohydrates on the cell's exterior surface—the carbohydrate components of both glycoproteins and glycolipids—as the glycocalyx (meaning “sugar coating”). The glycocalyx is highly hydrophilic and attracts large amounts of water to the cell's surface.
The cells that line the mammalian intestine produce glycoproteins with O-linked oligosaccharides. Some of the glycoproteins remain anchored to the cell surface and some are released into the intestinal space. In a healthy animal, numerous microbial species (the microbiome) live in the intestine. A new way to type blood by identifying the instructions for the cell-surface antigens—that is, the genes that encode these proteins. I gene. When HLA glycoproteins recognize bacterial and viral proteins, and mark them for the immune system to target. Antigen-Presenting Cells.
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Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts, which are spread by the fecal-oral route, have a single, multilayered wall that surrounds four sporozoites, the invasive form.
The C. parvum oocyst wall is labeled by the Maclura pomifera agglutinin (MPA), which binds GalNAc, and the C. parvum wall contains at least two unique proteins (C ryptosporidium oocyst wall protein 1 [COWP1] and COWP8) identified by Cited by: A recently characterised class of adhesive, high molecular weight glycoproteins is present on the surfaces of cells, in connective tissue matrices, Cited by: Glycoproteins play a part in important cellular functions like embryonic development, cell–cell recognition, cell adhesion, immune functions, and pathogen identification.
Many studies show that glycoproteins have a close association with serious human diseases like cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and immunodeficiency diseases. Cell surface glycoproteins book Surface Carbohydrate Chemistry is a collection of papers from a symposium of the same title held in San Francisco, U.S.A.
on SeptemberThe book discusses cell biology and carbohydrates, particularly oligosaccharides that make up the glycoproteins and glycolipids in the cell membrane of normal neoplastic cells. Cell surface glycoproteins are also important for cross-linking cells and proteins (e.g., collagen) to add strength and stability to a tissue.
Glycoproteins in plant cells are what allows plants to stand upright against the force of gravity. Glycosylated proteins are not just critical for intercellular communication. They also help organ.
Lipid and proteins on the cell membrane surface often have short carbohydrate chains protruding out from the cell surface, known as glycolipids and glycoproteins.
They form hydrogen bonds with the water molecules surrounding the cell and thus help to stabilize membrane structure.  Examples of glycoproteins in the immune system are: molecules such as antibodies (immunoglobulins), which interact directly with antigens.
molecules of the major histocompatibility complex (or MHC), which are expressed on the surface of cells and interact with T cells as part of the adaptive immune response. Alterations in Glycoproteins of the Cell Surface.
Paul H. Atkinson, John Hakimi many cell surface recep tors, and viral coat proteins are but a few examples. Thus, investigators with interests as diverse as viral replication. cell-cell interactions. poly isoprenoid synthesis, secretory processes, hormone responses, embryonic development.
A cell surface protein’s glycosylation state can profoundly influence its biological capabilities and can report on the physiological state of the underlying cell. 1–7 Thus, visualization of particular protein glycoforms is an important though challenging goal.
Most protein-directed imaging methods (e.g. GFP tags, fluorescent antibodies) are not sensitive to a protein’s glycosylation state. A scale drawing shows complementary ,Da adhesins displayed on cell walls of two apposing yeast cells at the “moderate” surface concentration of about × 10 4 molecules per cell, corresponding to a cell surface concentration of ∼4 × 10 −4 M.
This surface concentration is approximately equivalent to that in a solution with Specific glycoprotein molecules exposed on the surface of the cell membranes of host cells are exploited by many viruses to infect specific organs.
For example, HIV is able to penetrate the plasma membranes of specific kinds of white blood cells called T-helper cells and monocytes, as well as some cells of the central nervous system.
Cell surface receptors, such as the T-cell receptor (TCR), CD45, and cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen–4 (CTLA-4), bind multi-valent galectins via their attached N-glycans, forming a molecular lattice that regulates membrane localization and concentration of glycoproteins at the cell surface.
Which of the following cell-surface glycoproteins is characteristic of stem cells, but stops being expressed when a cell has committed to the T-cell developmental pathway.
1 and 2 Quiz and Book Questions 45 Terms. mwiegman. Chapter 3 Quiz and Book Questions 24 Terms. mwiegman. Chapter 4 Quiz and Book Questions 31 Terms. mwiegman. In this report, we use a proteomic strategy to identify glycoproteins on the surface of exosomes derived from myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), and then test if selected glycoproteins contribute to exosome-mediated chemotaxis and migration of MDSCs.
We report successful modification of a surface chemistry method for use with exosomes and identify 21 surface N-glycoproteins on exosomes. These cell surface glycoproteins play a critical role in cell – cell interactions and the mechanisms of infection by bacteria and viruses.
There are three types of glycoproteins based on their structure and the mechanism of synthesis: N-linked glycoproteins, O-linked glycoproteins, and nonenzymatic glycosylated glycoproteins.
T-cell surface glycoprotein CD1b. Gene. CD1B. Organism. Homo sapiens (Human) Status. Reviewed-Annotation score: Experimental evidence at protein level i.
Function i. Antigen-presenting protein that binds self and non-self lipid and glycolipid. Mammalian protein expression systems are becoming increasingly popular for the production of eukaryotic secreted and cell surface proteins.
Here we describe methods to produce recombinant proteins in adherent or suspension human embryonic kidney cell cultures, using transient transfection or stable cell. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.
Hemagglutinin, any of a group of naturally occurring glycoproteins that cause red blood cells (erythrocytes) to agglutinate, or clump together. These substances are found in plants, invertebrates, and certain microorganisms. Among the best-characterized hemagglutinins are those that occur as.
Cell surface mucins and mucin-like domains comprise a diverse and heterogeneous group of cell surface glycoproteins. The heterogeneity results from both genetic variations in the polypeptides and carbohydrate differences. Mucins form extended rods from the cell surface. The mucin domains apparently serve a protective function, protecting the.
Organization of glycolipids and glycoproteins in surface membranes: Dependency on cell cycle and on transformation. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications59 (1), Variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) is a ~60kDa protein which densely packs the cell surface of protozoan parasites belonging to the genus form a 12–15 nm surface coat and were first isolated from Trypanosoma brucei in by George Cross.
VSG allows the trypanosomatid parasites to evade the mammalian host's immune system by extensive antigenic variation.From the book: Chemical Biology of Glycoproteins CHAPTER 2 the design of metabolic and mechanism-based inhibitors for modulating global sialylation and fucosylation of cell-surface glycoproteins and for combating influenza; the exploitation of glycan metabolic engineering for labeling and probing cell-surface glycosylation; and selected.